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本科生毕业设计范文

时间:2007/11/30栏目:毕业设计

一、原始依据和参考文献

[1]  Allan, Keith. Euphemism and Dysphemism. New York: Oxford University Press, 1991.

[2]  Channell, Joanna. Vague Language. Shanghai: Shanghai Foreign Language Edu.

Press. 2000.

[3]  Fauconnier, G. Mental Spaces: Aspects of Meaning Construction in Natural

Language. Cambridge: CUP, 1994.

[4]  Fauconnier, G. Mappings in Thought and Language. Cambridge: CUP, 1997.

[5]  Fauconnier, G. and M. Turner. Conceptual Integration Network. Cognitive

Linguistics, 22(2), 133-187, 1998.

[6]  Fauconnier, G. and E. Sweetser. Spaces, Worlds, and Grammar. Chicago: The

 University of Chicago Press, 1996.

[7]  Fauconnier, G. and M. Turner. The Way We Think: Conceptual Blending and the

Mind: Hidden Complexities. New York: Basic Books, 2002.

[8]  G. Radden and K. Panther (Eds). Cognitive Domains: Metonymies and Image

Schemas. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 1999.

[9]  Grady, J. Cognitive mechanism of conceptual integration. Cognitive Linguistics

 11, 335-345, 2000.

[10]  Leech, G.N. Principles of Pragmatics. London: Longman Group Limited, 1983.

[11]  从莱庭.英语委婉语详解词典.武汉:湖北教育出版社,2001.

[12]  胡曙中.现代英语修辞.上海:上海外语教育出版社,2004.

[13]  刘纯豹.英语委婉语词典.北京:商务印书馆,2002.

[14]  邵军航,樊葳葳.委婉机制的认知语言学诠释.外语研究,2004,(4).

[15]  文 军.英语修辞格词典.重庆:重庆大学出版社,1992.

[16]  谢祖钧.英语修辞.北京:机械工业出版社,1988.

 

 

、研究内容和要求

Contents of the studies:

The word euphemism comes from Greek meaning “fair speech”. Euphemism is defined in the New Edition of the Oxford Concise Dictionary (1976) as “substitution of mild or vague or roundabout expression for harsh or direct one; expression thus substituted.” The study of euphemism can be divided mainly into two phases. The study before 21st century was mainly based on the traditional syntax and pragmatics. In 1960s when sociolinguistic theories were introduced to China, many scholars began to study the special social functions of Euphemism. Later, other studies about its classification, construction manners and laws of changing. In the book, New Discoveries About Euphemism written by Shu Dingfang and Xu Jinyuan, four basic construction principles of Euphemism were well discussed. It was a breakthrough in the theories of Euphemism. Since the cognitive linguistics was introduced to China, the nature and mental mechanics of its cognition has been studied. However, the cognitive study of euphemism has mainly focused on the general principles and mechanics of its generation and operation. There has been no structural description of the whole process of cognition.

The conceptual blending theory is a new and developing branch of cognitive linguistics that rose just in recent years. It provides a new point for the study of euphemism’s mechanics. The "many-space" or "conceptual integration networks" theory of Fauconnier and Turner (1994, 1998) is an elaboration of the two-space model of metaphor that has been the cornerstone of the metaphor field since Aristotle (1954), and which has underpinned a string of conceptual theories from Richards (1936), through Black (1962) and Koestler (1964) to Lakof and Johnson (1980). The theory of conceptual integration, in contrast, posits as many of these input spaces as are needed, as well as a generic space-a conceptual space that provides the ground for the integration-and a blended space-the space in which the conceptual product is constructed. In blending, structure from input mental spaces is projected to a separate, "blended" mental space. The projection is selective. Through composition, completion and elaboration, the blend develops structure not provided by the inputs. Inferences, arguments, and ideas developed in the blend can have effect in cognition, leading us to modify the initial inputs and to change our view of the corresponding situations. This paper will take the Conceptual Blending Theory as a starting point to investigate the on-line cognitive mechanisms involved in euphemism interpretation. Meanwhile, it attempts to examine the Conceptual Blending Theory to see if there is something that can be benefited from and that needs to be enriched in the present research.

Requirements:

As an indispensable part of undergraduate education, the writing of thesis plays an important role in developing the students’ ability of comprehensively applying learnt knowledge and skills to practical use. According to Document No. 38 of Tianjin University issued in 2004 on the requirements of undergraduates’ thesis, students should stick to the following requirements:

1.  The thesis must be based on the student’s own ideas. Plagiarizing is not allowed.

2.  The thesis should strictly conform to the format set by the university.

3.  The length of the thesis is 6000-8000 words.

4.  Under the guidance of the supervisor, students should finish the thesis within the period from November 15th, 2005 to May 15th, 2006.

 

 

 

 

指导教师(签字)

     

 

审题小组组长(签字)

     

 

 

天津大学本科生毕业设计(论文)开题报告

课题名称

Towards the On-line Cognitive Mechanisms Involved in Euphemism Interpretation

学院名称

社会科学与外国语学院

专业名称

英语

学生姓名

张雪

指导教师

姜明

I. Source: 

The topic is self-selected.

II. Purpose:

The study of euphemisms has been pursued by cognitive linguists. However, it has been mainly focused on the general principles of generation. The conceptual blending theory provides a new point for the study of euphemism’s mechanics.

III. Objectives:

1.      To describe the cognition of euphemism by the conceptual blending theory;

2.      To examine the Conceptual Blending Theory to see if there is something that can be benefited from and that needs to be enriched in the present research

IV. Contents:

The conceptual blending theory (CBT) is a new and developing branch of cognitive linguistics that rose just in recent years. In my paper, I will analyze the interpretation of euphemisms with CBT. There are four parts in the paper:

Part I.  An Introduction to the Study of Euphemism

Part II. Theoretical Framework of Conceptual Blending Theory

Part III. The On-line Cognitive Mechanisms Involved in Euphemism Interpretation

Part IV. Conclusion

V. Methods:

1.      Collection of euphemisms: mainly in the book named The Dictionary of Euphemism, written by Liu Chunbao and from www.google.com;

2.      Classification of euphemisms;

3.      Data analysis of different types of euphemisms.

VI.Time Schedule:

Nov.15~Dec.4— Topic selection         

Dec.5~Dec.18— Filling in the task form

Dec.19~Jan.15— Material collection       

Feb.20~Mar.5— Opening report

Mar.6~Apr.5— First draft                

Apr.6~May.15— Final thesis

Early June— Oral defense

VII. Main References:

[1]  Allan, Keith. Euphemism and Dysphemism. New York: Oxford University Press, 1991.

[2]  Channell, Joanna. Vague Language. Shanghai: Shanghai Foreign Language Edu.

Press. 2000.

[3]  Fauconnier, G. Mental Spaces: Aspects of Meaning Construction in Natural

Language. Cambridge: CUP, 1994.

[4]  Fauconnier, G. Mappings in Thought and Language. Cambridge: CUP, 1997.

[5]  Fauconnier, G. and M. Turner. Conceptual Integration Network. Cognitive

Linguistics, 22(2), 133-187, 1998.

[6]  束定芳,徐金元.委婉语研究、回顾与前瞻.外国语,1995,(5).

[7]  王文斌.概念合成理论研究与应用的回顾与思考.外语研究,2004,(1).

选题是否合适: 是□  否□;

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指导教师(签字)

     

选题是否合适: 是□  否□;

课题能否实现: 能□不能□

审题小组组长(签字)

     

 

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