国际妇女节：International Women's Day
International Women’s Day is celebrated in many countries around the world. It is a day when women are recognized for their achievements without regard to divisions, whether national, ethnic, linguistic, cultural, economic or political. It is an occasion for looking back on past struggles and accomplishments, and more importantly, for looking ahead to the untapped potential and opportunities that await future generations of women.
In 1975, during International Women's Year, the United Nations began celebrating International Women’s Day on 8 March. Two years later, in December 1977, the General Assembly adopted a resolution proclaiming a United Nations Day for Women's Rights and International Peace to be observed on any day of the year by Member States, in accordance with their historical and national traditions. In adopting its resolution, the General Assembly recognized the role of women in peace efforts and development and urged an end to discrimination and an increase of support for women’s full and equal participation.
International Women's Day （8 March） is an occasion（机会）marked（标记） by women’s groups around the world. This date is also commemorated at（在纪念） the United Nations and is designated（指定） in many countries as a national holiday. When women on all continents（大陆）， often divided by national boundaries （边界） and by ethnic（种族）， linguistic（语言）， cultural（文化）， economic（经济） and political（政治） differences, come together to celebrate their Day, they can look back to （回顾）a tradition（传统） that represents（代表） at least nine decades of struggle for equality（平等）， justice（公正）， peace and development.
The Role of the United Nations
Few causes promoted（促进） by the United Nations have generated（发 生） more intense（强烈的） and widespread（普遍的） support than the campaign to promote and protect the equal rights（平等权利） of women. The Charter（宪章） of the United Nations, signed（签署）in San Francisco in 1945, was the first international agreement to proclaim（宣布） gender（性别） equality（平等） as a fundamental human right（基本人 权）。 Since then, the Organization has helped create a historic legacy（创 建一个历史遗产） of internationally agreed strategies（国际商定的策略）， standards（标准）， programmes（方案） and goals（目标） to advance （提高） the status（地位） of women worldwide. Over the years, United Nations action for the advancement of women has taken four clear directions（方向）： promotion of legal measures（法律措 施）； mobilization（动员） of public opinion（公众舆论） and international action; training and research（培训和研究）， including the compilation（汇 编） of gender desegregated statistics（分列统计）； and direct assistance （直接援助） to disadvantaged groups（弱势群体）。 Today a central organizing principle of the work（工作原则） of the United Nations is that no enduring（持久） solution（解决方案） to society‘s most threatening social, economic and political problems can be found without the full participation（参与）， and the full empowerment（权力）， of the world's women.
International Women’s Day first emerged from the activities of labour movements at the turn of the twentieth century in North America and across Europe.
1909: The first National Woman's Day was observed in the United States on 28 February. The Socialist Party of America designated this day in honour of the 1908 garment workers’ strike in New York, where women protested against working conditions.
1910: The Socialist International, meeting in Copenhagen, established a Women's Day, international in character, to honour the movement for women's rights and to build support for achieving universal suffrage for women. The proposal was greeted with unanimous approval by the conference of over 100 women from 17 countries, which included the first three women elected to the Finnish Parliament. No fixed date was selected for the observance.
1911: As a result of the Copenhagen initiative, International Women's Day was marked for the first time （19 March） in Austria, Denmark, Germany and Switzerland, where more than one million women and men attended rallies. In addition to the right to vote and to hold public office, they demanded women’s rights to work, to vocational training and to an end to discrimination on the job.
1913-1914: International Women's Day also became a mechanism for protesting World War I. As part of the peace movement, Russian women observed their first International Women’s Day on the last Sunday in February. Elsewhere in Europe, on or around 8 March of the following year, women held rallies either to protest the war or