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历届高考词序考点简析

时间:2007-4-21栏目:英语论文

词序是高考试题中常考的内容,同时也是中学教材的重点和难点。为便于同学们复习,下面我们把高考中 所出现的各种词序题归类简析如下:
    一、短语动词中宾语的位置
    (79MET). If you don't know the word, why don't you______in the dictionary.
    (A)look at it (B)look after it
    (C)look up it (D)look it up
    析:答案为D。其意指“查(字典等)”,A意为“看”,B 意为“照顾”均不符题意,故排除。由动词加 副词构成的短语,其宾语是名词时,宾语可放在整个短语后面,也可插在动词与副词之间,但宾语是代词时, 代词宾语只能插在动词与副词之间。
    试题选练:(画线项为答案,下同)
    (83MET).If you are at home this evening, I'll________.
    (A)ring you on (B)ring upon you
    (C)ring to you (D)ring you up
    ──────-
    (78MET).I need a day or two________
    (A)to think it over
    ──────────
    (B)to think over it
    (C)of thinking
    二、虚拟语气省略if时的词序
    (95上海).______ for the free tickets, I would not havegone to the films so often.
    (A)If it is not
    (B)Were it not
    (C)Had it not been
    (D)If they were not
    析:答案为C。这是一个与过去相反的虚拟条件从句的省略形式,当从句中的if省略时,从句要用倒装句。 这类倒装句只需将助动词、情态动词或系动词提至主语前即可。常见句式更换如下:
    a.与现在相反:If I were you (=Were I you) , I would go
    ──with him.
    b.与过去相反:If I had had time then (=Had I had time
    ──then), I would have gone with you.
    c.与将来相反:If I were to visit/should visit/visited the Great Wall tomorrow, (=Were I to /Should I visit the Great
    ── ───Wall tomorrow), I would take my son with me.
    注意:在否定句中not不可提至主语前,如:
    (误)Weren't I here now, I would be in the bus.
    ────
    (正)Were I not here now, I would be in the bus.
    ──
    试题选练:(94上海).______ it rain tomorrow, we would have to put off the visit to the Y angpu Bridge.
    (A)Were (B)Should
    ────
    (C)Would (D)Will
    _______ your letter, I would have written back two daysago.
    (A)If I received
    (B)Should Ireceive
    (C)Had I received
    ────────
    (D)If I could have received
    三、否定词放在句首时的词序
    (91MET)"Do you know Jim quarrelled with his brother?" "I don't know,_____
    (A)nor don't I care
    (B)nor do I care
    (C)I don't care neither
    (D)I don't care also
    析:答案为B。A项多了not,C项、D项分别要改neither、 also 为either。否定词作状语放在句首时要用 倒装句,倒

装句只需将情态动词、助动词、系动词be提至主语首即可(见例2)。 实意动词的倒装要在主语前 面加助动词 do,does,did等,此时谓语动词要用动词原形(见例1)。常见的否定词或结构有:neither/nor /never/hardly/ little/seldom/ scarcely/ barely/ not until/no sooner than/hardly when/not only…b ut also/at no time/not once/by no means   

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