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利用文中插图,进行导语设计

时间:2007-4-21栏目:英语论文

新编高中英语教材图文并茂,几乎每一篇阅读课文均配有一幅与该材料密切联系的插图。基于对教师指导 作用的认识以及对新教材的理解,我多次尝试运用文中插图进行导语设计并付诸实践,收到了良好的教学效果 。
    利用文中插图,通过问答、讨论的形式和言简意赅、提纲挈领的导语,逐步引入本课的话题,让学生适度 了解话题的内容,易激起学生内在的学习动力,使课堂气氛十分活跃。合理利用插图,能创设更多的交际情景 ,能锻炼学生的观察力和培养他们的思维能力。利用文中插图导入新课,能激活学生永久记忆中相关的知识网 络,使他们产生阅读的愿望和心理准备,并为下一步默读、朗读,分角色对话,带着问题快读和训练阅读技巧 铺平道路。以下为高一新教材插图导入语设计节选。
    Lesson 6
    T: Look at the picture, please. What can you see in the picture?
    Ss: A blackboard, a teacher,a teacher's desk, teacher's notes, four cups...
    T: Anything else?
    S: A stick in a cup.
    T: What is the teacher doing?
    Ss: He is giving a lesson to the class.
    T: Is he a maths teacher or a chemistry teacher?
    Ss: A chemistry teacher.
    T: What is he like?
    Ss: He is a middle-aged man with a pair of glasses. He isshowing one of his fingers to the class with a smile on hisface...
    T: As you see, there are three small cups and a big cup onthe teacher's desk. What can you g uess they hold?
    Ss: Water, chemicals...
    T: Now, I'll lead you to an interesting chemistry class.You should pay attention to the fa cts how the teacher gavehis students an interesting lesson, how the students learnedtheir l essons and what the students thought about the lessonand the teacher.
    Lesson 14
    T: Look at the picture carefully and tell me what yousee in the picture.
    Ss: We can see many tall trees, a river, a boat, a hilland six people...
    T: What are the people doing?
    Ss: Five people on the top of the hill are having a rest.They are talking about something. O nly one person near theriver is cooking meal.
    T: Quite right. The five people are travellers. The manwho is cooking supper is a guide. They are on their travelsin a forest. The river is the famous Amazon River in southAmeric a. Today we're going to read a travel diary. Pleasefollow what the travellers saw and what
    they heard and howthey felt in the forest.
    Lesson 18
    T: Just take a look at the picture. What can you see init?
    Ss: Two women, some young trees, many big trees on thehills...
    T: What are the two Indian women doing?
    Ss: They are planting trees.
    T: OK. Today we're going to read a story. The storyhappened in Tangsa Village in nort h India. In the past peoplethere destroyed the forest. A forest programme was carriedout by
    teams of women in this village. In order to grow a newforest,

the women plant trees every year

  

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