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中学英语中的系动词+形容词结构

时间:2007-4-21栏目:英语论文

系动词(link.v.)是英语动词教学中的一个重要组成部分。系动词不能直接作谓语,它必须与形容词或名词 一起构成合成谓语(系表结构)。我们将中学教材里出现过的、后加形容词作表语的常用系动词归纳如下,以 便中学生学习和运用。
    1.appear似乎,显得
    If the sky appears blue to us on earth,it is because theearth's atmosphere scatters a certai n number of blue rays ofsunlight.(SBII P.198)
    2.be是(表示状态,性质等)
    All the dustbins are full,and there are bags of rubbisheverywhere.(JBVIp.28)
    But the family was poor and the boy could not get many books.(SBI p.85)
    My voice was too weak.(SBII p.276)
    3.become变为,成为
    His dog,which was now very old,became ill and died.(SBI p.210)
    In the autumn the bear eats and eats and becomes very fatindeed.(SBII p.76)
    …and each time you see it your understanding of it willbecome more exact.(SBIII p.73)
    4.fall变为,成为
    Was I falling asleep?(SBII p.275)
    She rubbed and rubbed until long after Wilma had fallenasleep.(SBⅢ p.77)
    5.feel觉得,摸着是
    It made her feel better.(JBⅣ p.107)
    But he still did not feel safe enough.(SBI p.211)
    …the body feels very cold,and the creature maybreatheonly once every five minutes.(SBⅡ p.7 3)
    6.get 变得,变成,成为
    Sports and games build our bodies,prevent us from gettingtoo fat,and keep us healthy.(SBⅡ p .151)
    The days were getting colder,and winter wes near.(SBⅡ p.253)
    As he walked,he began to get hungry.(SBII p.255)
    7.go变,逐渐
    When this happens,we say the bread"has gone mouldy."(SBIp.57)
    8.grow变成,逐渐
    Then little by little,the smoke grew heavier and thickeruntil finally it turned into a terri ble Genie!(JBV p.129)
    As it was growing dark,I came to a car stuck in a drift.(SBII p.275)
    You will grow stronger each time,until you can do andfinish what you started out to do.(SBⅢ
    p.124)
    9.look看来似乎是,面上现……的样子
    The scenery looks so much nicer with your pavilions.(SBIp.172)
    No,they look rather green.(SBⅡ p.141)
    He looked thin and very serious.(SBⅡ p.257)
    10.remain继续,依然
    However,his knowledge of French remained very weak,because he was not good at learning langu ages.(SBI p.250)
    11.seem似乎是,看似
    These ideas may seem strange to you.(SBI p.13)
    My books that a short time ago had seemed so tiresome,soheavy to carry,now seemed to me like
    old friends.(SBII p.180)
 

   12.smell有……气味

  

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