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高考短文改错中的动词

时间:2007-4-21栏目:英语论文

纵观94年至97年的高考短文改错一题,动词所占比例大大高于英语十大词类中的其他词类。94年占短文改 错总分的40%,95年占27%,96年占30%(注:改错中还有两个短语涉及到动词),97年占60%。动词的变化 多为时态、语态、语气、非谓语动词,还有情态动词、动词固定搭配等变化形式。
    94年短文改错:
    There is ∧ public library in every town in Britain.
    81. a
    ──There are branch library in many villages.
    ────
    82. libraries
    ─────Anyone may borrow books, and it cost nothing to
    ──
    83. costs
    ───borrow them. In some places you may borro w∧ many
    84. as
    ──
    附图{图}want has∧returned and is ready for you to pick up.
    95. been
    ───
    分析:
    83.cost→costs。属于动词数的错误。一般现在时中第三人称单数形式,谓语动词应加s,故将cost改为c osts。
    87.keep→kept。属于语态错误。 被动语态中的动词应为过去分词形式,故将keep改为kept。
    91.去掉will。属于时态错误。条件句中用现在时代替将来时, 从is可断定句子时态为将来时。当主句的 谓语动词是将来时的定语从句,应用一般现在时代替将来时。故此才将will去掉。
    93.send→sending。属于非谓语动词错误。of是介词,故应将send改为sending。
    94.to know→know。属于非谓语动词错误。let为使役动词,let后的宾语补足语的不定式符号省略。故应 将to know改为know。
    95.has returned→has been returned。属于语态错误, 故将hasreturned改为has been returned。
    95年短文改错:Dear Mr and Mrs Smith,
    I want to thank you again for have me in your
    ──
    81. having
    ───home for the summer holidays. I had alway s
    82.√
    ──wanted∧return to the village after moving a way
    83. to
    ──and it is really great to see most of my old
    friends again.
    ─ 84.was
    ──
    I told Mother, Father, Sister,∧all my friends
    85. and
    ──here that a great time I had. I'll never for get
    ── 86.what
    ───the steamboat ride. I never knew about a rid e down
    ───
    87. that
    ──
    附图{图}some times soon. Father and Mother would love to
    ──
    92.time
    ──see you. Maybe you could come during a winter
   
    93. the
    ──holidays. Uncle Ben will also go back for C hristmas.
    94. come
    ──I'm sure

we'll have a wonderfully time toge
ther.

  

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