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中考试题与不定代词

时间:2007-4-21栏目:英语论文

    (陕西澄城韦庄中学 孟宪明)
    纵观近年来的中考英语试题,不难发现大多数省、市对不定代词从不同角度都做了考查。本人从教数年, 认为不定代词是英语教学中的难点,且贯穿于教材中。很多考生对此模棱两可,似是而非。鉴于此,笔者仅从 中考试题的考查范围中来谈一下不定代词的运用。旨在对考生有所裨益。
    [试题类型一]
    1.I have three pens.One is red,____two are black.(’96河北)
    A.another B.other
    C.the other D.the others
    2.I have two sisters.One is a farmer,____is a driver.(’96乌鲁木齐)
    A.other B.others
    C.the other D.another
    解题指导:other与another的用法
    1.共同点:
    它们都有名词和形容词的作用,在句中都可作主语、宾语和定语。例如:
    ①I have two pens.One is new,the other is old.(主)
    ②I have two photos here.You have seen one.Now I'll show you the other.(宾)
    ③Would you like to have another cup of tea?(定)
    2.不同点:
    1)other的复数是others,所有格是other's或others',它可以与定冠词the连用,即the other,指两个 中的“另一个”。还可接复数名词,表示“其余的……”;the others是指一定范围内的“其余的”;others 是泛指“其他的(人或物)”,并没有一定的范围限制。
    2)other既可以修饰单数名词,也可以修饰复数名词:another指至少有三个以上的“另一个”,它是由 an和other合并而成,可代替或修饰单数可数名词,也可修饰复数可数名词,且不与冠词连用。
    注意:
    A.有时在比较结构中,要用other限定比较对象,使意义更为明显。例如:
    The room is bigger than any other room in the house.这个房间比房子里的其它任何房间都大。
    B.某人或某物在与同类几人或几事物进行比较时,应用“比较级+than+any+other+单数名词/any of the other+复数名词”形式。例如:
    汤姆比他班上的其他任何男孩都高。
    【误】Tom is taller than any boy in his class.
    【正】Tom is taller than any other boy in his class.
    【正】Tom is taller than any of the other boys in his class.
    (试题类型一答案:1.C2.C)
    [试题类型二]
    1.There is ____water left in the thermos.
    Would you go and get some?(’96河北)
    A.little B.a little C.few D.a few
    2.Jack has a few friends in China.(’96广东)
    A.some B.any C.many D.much
    3.There are several bottles on the desk.(’96天津)
    A.a lot of B.many C.a few D.few
    4.We had____people this year than we had last year.(’94陕西)
    A.little B.less C.few D.fewer
    解题指导:little与a little,few与a few的用法
    它们在句中都可作主语、宾语或定语。作主语时,谓语动词大多用复数形式。例如:
    ①Few of them speak English.(主)
    ②I met few (or a few) of my friends in the park.(宾)
    ③I have a few friends besides you.(定)
    2.little与a little用于代替或修饰不可数名词;few与a few用于代替或修饰可数名词。little和few表示 “不多,几乎没有”,在意义上是否定的,a little和a few表示“虽少但还有一些”,在意义上是肯定的。
    注意:
    A.a little 可用来修饰形容词、动词或形容词(副词)的比较级。例如:
&nbs

p;   It's a little cold today.   

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