关键词：本雅明 现代性 抒情诗人 灵韵 机械复制
Walter Benjamin (1892-1940) was a great modern German thinker who had an extensive and profound scholarship which made him preeminent in his field. Being adept in combining the formal analysis of artistic works into sociological and philosophical theories, he preferred to express his talented insights in a poetic-philosophic language. During his life-time, he was not widely recognized. But, after his death (1960’s), he caused a great sensation in the western intellectual circle. Even today, the enthusiasm in Benjamin is still on the move. The study of the western students on Benjamin covered a wide range and cut into depth of his theory. However, monographs looking into Benjamin from the viewpoint of modernity are rare. More often than not, the students devoted part of their works to the discussion of Benjamin or discussed him together with others in their works. The former practice includes the French scholar. R. Rochlitz, who wrote a chapter, the Price of Modernity in his monograph the Disenchantment of Art: “the philosophy of Walter Benjamin, dealing with chidhood and memory, the end of the Art of story-telling, lyric poetry at the epoch of capitalism allegory and the evaporation of the Aura, etc. The latter practice includes D. Frisby who placed Benjamin on a par with Simmel, Kracauer in his work Fragments of Modernity, claiming that Benjamin, similar to the others, focused on the transience of the experience of modernity. In China study on Benjamin started at a later time. The late 1990s, students began to write criticism on the modernity of Benjamin’s thinking. For example, Zhang Fa and Niu Hongbao mentioned this point in their works on aesthetics.
Reviewing the study on Benjamin’s thinking on modernity both domestically and abroad, one can see that it is undergone either from one perspective and hence is lacking in system or in a superficial fragmentary fashion and hence is lacking in depth. The author intends to made a systematic and profound investigation into Benjamin’s theoretic constru