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中学英语写作例讲

时间:2007-4-27栏目:英语论文

ot know her, so he first asked some questions, and one of them was, “How old are you﹖”
   “Well,” she answered, “I don’t remember, doctor, but I will try to think.” She thought for a minute and then said. “Yes, I remember now, doctor! When I married, I was eighteen years old and my husband was thirty. Now my husband is sixty, I know, that is twice thirty. So I am twice eighteen. That is thirty-six, isn’t it﹖”
2. During this year’s summer vacation, I spent half a month helping my grandparents do farm work in the country. I saw the mountains and fields were covered with green trees. Sometimes I went swimming in the river, which was to the west of the village. The river water was quite clear. I kept a diary every day.
    Besides my doing farm work, I helped the neighbors’ children with their lessons. All of them were interested in English. They could read and write English well, but they could hardly understand simple English. Every morning I spent about two hours in helping them to improve their listening and spoken English. They all made great progress. Their parents praised me highly. In my opinion knowledge is much needed in the countryside.

 

如何写描写文

 


【写作指导】
    描写(Portray)就是用生动、形象的语言将人物、事物、景物等的特征和性质活灵活现地刻画或描绘出来,使读者如见其人、如闻其声、如临其境。为了使人或事物的特征跃然纸上,我们往往在写文章时把叙述和描写结合起来。描写就是形象化的叙述。
1. 描写文的分类
    就描写对象而言,描写可分为人物描写、景物描写和场面描写等。
    (1) 人物描写:指描写人物的肖像、语言、动作、心理活动及生活细节等,旨在塑造活灵活现的人物。
    (2) 景物描写:是指对山川风光、鸟树鱼虫、风花雪月等的描写。
    (3) 场面描写:指对一个特定时间和地点发生的事情的描写,如劳动场面、会议场面、战斗场面等的描写。
    就叙述的方式而言,描写又可分为主观描写和客观描写,如:“这棵树很美”是主观描写;“这棵树高四米”是客观描写。所谓主观描写,就是在描述人或事物的特征或特性时,可以把自己对此人或此事物的看法表现出来;客观描写就是就事论事。在实际写作中通常是主观描写与客观描写相结合,这样既能描绘出事物本身的特性,又能表现出作者的态度和观点。
2. 描写文的语言
    (1) 描写文的语言特征是大量使用动词和修饰语,这些词汇的使用可以使被描述的对象具体、形象地表现出来。为了使文章更生动,要适当地运用形容词、同义词或派生形容词、副词等,避免单调重复。
    (2) 写好描写文,要求语言具体、准确,以利于表达文章内容。试比较下面两句话:
    ①He was very, very angry.

>      他非常非常生气。
    ②His face turned red, and one corner of his mouth twitched as he tried to control his anger.
      他的脸通红,嘴角抽搐地强压着怒火。

   同样是描写“生气”,第②句比第①句描述得具体、生动得多。
3. 描写文的具体写法
    (1) 描写文的写法多种多样,可以先从具体描写某一事物开始,然后再泛写与之相关的其它事物;还可以先写不重要的事物,最后重点突出所要描写的事物;还可以按照事物所处的空间顺序,如前后左右等,来描述事物。
    (2) 灵活运用各种修辞手法。根据需要恰当地运用比喻、拟人、夸张等修辞手法,可以使描述更生动、形象,更好地说明问题。如:
    ①He says he is almost as busy as a bee. 他说他忙得团团转。(比喻)
    ②My heart is like a singing bird. 我的心情像小鸟在歌唱。(比喻)
    (3)要写好描写文,既要有丰富的想象力和敏锐的观察力,还要具有语言描写能力。因此,我们在中学阶段应该有意识地努力培养这三种能力;在日常生活中要利用感官,多观察周围的事物,并在英语学习中,进行广泛的阅读,多积累词汇,多做练习。
【佳作欣赏】
例1.景物描写
请你写一篇文章,描写港口城市青岛,内容要求如下:
① 位于山东省东部;
② 以蓝色的大海,美丽的海滨而闻名,是避暑胜地;
③ 每年夏天来自全国和世界各地成千上万的人到这里沿海漫步、游泳、购物、观赏秀丽景色;
④ 近年来,该城市发生了巨大变化,对发展我国对外贸易起到重要作用,并成为国际港口城市。
参考词汇: 迷人的 attractive          别墅 villa
东西方风格的 Eastern-and-Western-style
范文:
       &nb

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