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中学英语写作例讲

时间:2007-4-27栏目:英语论文

sp;                                   The City of Qingdao
   The city of Qingdao lies in the east of Shandong Province. It is famous for its blue sea and beautiful beaches.
   Qingdao is a wonderful place for summer holidays. Tens of thousands of people from all parts of the country and all corners of the world come to visit the city every summer. They walk along the beaches, go swimming in the sea or do some shopping in the stores or the markets. They can see the fine views of the city. Especially attractive are the building groups of the Eastern-and-Western-style mixed houses and villas.
   Great changes have taken place in Qingdao in the recent years. It has played an important role in the development of the foreign trade of our country. Its port is busy. Ships from all countries come and go every day. It has become an international port city.
点评:
    (1) 本文引言段是对青岛的概述。第二段描写其海滨的特色和市内建筑的特点。第三段写其港口的景色及其在我国对外贸易中所起的作用。
    (2) 本文有两种句子结构值得借鉴:其一是平行结构,如第二段中的“all parts of the country and all corners of the world”和“walk along the beaches, go swimming in the sea or do some shopping in the stores or the markets”,这种结构能够给人以节奏的美感。其二是倒装语序的句子:“Especially attractive are the building groups of the Eastern-and-Western-style mixed houses and villas.”这个句子把表语提到句首,把主语置于句末,避免了头重脚轻。英语句法修辞上有一条“句尾重心”的准则,要求把分量重的成分放在句子末尾,以起到强调主要内容的作用。

例2.人物描写
    根据下文提示,以“My Good Friends”为题,写一篇150字左右的描写文。
    Tom 和 Jack虽然完全不同,但他们都是我的好朋友。
    Tom 很矮、很胖。他喜欢穿好衣服。每月在父母给他钱之前,他就把钱花光了。他愿意和别人呆在一起,总是很快乐,并喜欢说笑话。他特别喜欢参加聚会。他的周围老是围着一群人。他喜欢跳舞、听喧闹的音乐。每次聚会他都会高唱他最喜欢的歌。Tom 是一个特别外向的人。
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nbsp;  Jack 在外表、 人品和生活习惯上都和 Tom 完全不同。他瘦瘦的,高高的,喜欢穿普通的衣服。他生活节俭,每月都能省一些钱。他喜欢安静、独处, 很少笑, 是一个很严肃的人。他喜欢读书、画画,独自旅游, 是个特别内向的人。
参考词汇:特别外向的人:a typical extrovert    
         人品:personality
         特别内向的人:a typical introvert    
         普通的衣服:plain clothes          
         节约地:frugally
范文:
                                             My Good Friends
    Tom and Jack are all my good friends although they are completely different from each other.
    Tom is very short and rather fat. He likes to be well-dressed. Every month Tom spends all his money before his parents give him some more. Tom enjoys being with people. He’s extremely cheerful all the time and likes to tell jokes. He loves to go to parties, and is always surrounded by people.He likes to dance and to listen to loud music. At every party he sings his favorite songs at the top of his voice. Tom is a typical extrovert.
    Jack is completely different from Tom in looks, personality, and habits. Jack is tall and

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