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英语作文写信格式

时间:2014-8-26栏目:英语写作指导

  英语作文写信格式
  
  a 信头(heading)
  
  信头包括写信人地址和写信日期,通常写在信笺的右上角。在比较熟识的朋友之间的通信,写信人的地址常可略去。本课的信头就只写了写信日期,而没有写信人的地址。日期通常有下列两种定法:
  
  (a)月、日、年:如august 15, 200__
  
  (b)日、月、年:如15th august, 200__
  
  地址的写法通常是由小到大,如:门牌号、街道名、市(县)名、省名、国名(邮政编码通常写在城市名之后)。这同中文书信的地址写法完全相反。地址可以写1——3行,日期写在地址的下方(见信笺格式)。
  
  b 称呼(salutation)
  
  称呼指写信人对收信人的称呼,如dear xiaojun,写在信头的下方和信笺的左边。称呼一般用dear…或my dear…开头,称呼后一般用逗号。
  
  c 正文(body)
  
  这是书信的主体部分,即写信人要表达的内容。正文要求文字通顺,层次分明,表意清楚。可以手书,也可以打写。
  
  d 结束语(complimentary close)
  
  它是书信结尾的恭维话,相当于文中书信最后的“祝好”、“致礼”之类的话语。本课书信中的“best wishes”(致以最好的祝愿)就是结束语。
  
  e 签名(signature)
  
  签名通常签在结束语下方的中间偏右的位置,如本课信中的charlie。签名应是亲笔书写,即使是打写机打出的信件,最后仍需亲笔签名。在签名的上方可根据写信人和收信人的关系写上sincerely yours/yours sincerely(用于长辈或朋友之间),或respectfully yours/yours respectfully(用于对长辈或上级)。
  
  1、信头(heading)
  
  指发信人的姓名(单位名称)、地址和日期,一般写在信纸的右上角。一般公函或商业信函的信纸上都印有单位或公司的名称、地址、电话号码等,因此就只需在信头下面的右边写上写信日期就可以了。
  
  英文地址的写法与中文完全不同,地址的名称按从小到大的顺序:第一行写门牌号码和街名;第二行写县、市、省、州、邮编、国名;然后再写日期。标点符号一般在每一行的末尾都不用,但在每一行的之间,该用的还要用,例如在写日期的时候。
  
  日期的写法,如1997年7月30日,英文为:july 30,1997(最为普遍);july 30th,1997;30th july,1997等。1997不可写成97。
  
  2、信内地址(inside address)
  
  在一般的社交信中,信内收信人的地址通常省略,但是在公务信函中不能。将收信人的姓名、地址等写在信头日期下方的左角上,要求与对信头的要求一样,不必再写日期。例如:
  
  3、称呼(salutation)
  
  是写信人对收信人的称呼用语。位置在信内地址下方一、二行的地方,从该行的顶格写起,在称呼后面一般用逗号(英国式),也可以用冒号(美国式)。
  
  (1)写给亲人、亲戚和关系密切的朋友时,用dear或my dear再加上表示亲属关系的称呼或直称其名(这里指名字,不是姓氏)。例如:my dear father,dear tom等。
  
  (2)写给公务上的信函用dear madam,dear sir或gentleman(gentlemen)。注意:dear纯属公务上往来的客气形式。gentlemen总是以复数形式出现,前不加dear,是dear sir的复数形式。
  
  (3)写给收信人的信,也可用头衔、职位 、职称、学位等再加姓氏或姓氏和名字。例如:dear prof. tim scales, dear dr.john smith。
  
  4、正文(body of the letter)
  
  位置在下面称呼语隔一行,是信的核心部分。因此要求正文层次分明、简单易懂。和中文信不同的是,正文中一般不用hello!(你好!)
  
  正文有缩进式和齐头式两种。每段书信第一行的第一个字母稍微向右缩进些,通常以五个字母为宜,每段第二行从左面顶格写起,这就是缩进式。
  
  但美国人写信各段落往往不用缩进式,用齐头式,即每一行都从左面顶格写起。商务信件大都采用齐头式的写法。
  
  5、结束语(complimentary close)
  
  在正文下面的一、二行处,从信纸的中间偏右处开始,第一个词开头要大写,句末用逗号。不同的对象,结束语的写法也不同。
  
  (1)写给家人、亲戚,用your loving grandfather,lovingly yours,lovingly等;
  
  (2)写给熟人、朋友,用yours cordially,yours affectionately等;
  
  (3)写业务信函用truely yours(yours truely),faithfully yours(yours faithfully)等;
  
  (4)对上级、长辈用yours obediently(obediently yours),yours respectfully(respectfully yours)等。
  
  6、签名(signature)
  
  低于结束语一至二行,从信纸中间偏右的地方开始,在结束语的正下方,在签完名字的下面还要有用打字机打出的名字,以便识别。职务、职称可打在名字的下面。当然,写给亲朋好友的信,就不必再打了。
  
  7、附言(postscript)
  
  一封信写完了,突然又想起遗漏的事情,这时用p.s.表示,再写上遗漏的话即可,要长话短说。通常在信末签名下面几行的左方,应于正文齐头。
  
  注意:在正式的信函中,应避免使用附言。
  
  8、附件(enclosure)
  
  信件如果有附件,可在信纸的左下角,注上encl:或enc:,例如:encl:2 photos(内附两张照片)。如果福建附件不止一项,应写成encl:或encs。
  
  我们有时可看到在称呼与正文之间有re:或subject:(事由)字样。一般在信纸的中间,也可与“称呼”对齐。还应在底下加横线,以引起读信人的注意,使收信人便于在读信之前就可了解信中的主要内容。事由一般在公务信函中使用,也可以省略。
  
  篇一: About Oral English Test
  
  The Oral English Test is both important and necessary, for we can get a lot of benefits from it. The first, the Oral English Test can encourage the teachers to improve their communication skills in English and make their classes more active. The second, it will help the students to form the habit of reading English aloud and chatting with others in English. In addition, students will also realize that Oral English is as important as reading and writing. Most important of all, English is regarded as a global language now. Through English, we can communicate with people from other countries better. Therefore, more attention should be paid to teaching and learning oral English.
  
  篇二:Learn how to swim
  
  On a sunny day, down by the river, a fishermen -who does not know how to swim- is in a world of his own, waiting for the fish to surrender and be the man's catch of the day, but in a slight error, the man slipped and fell into the river, all was seen by a young man who just happened to pass by, saw the whole scenario and saved the fishermen, the fishermen was quite ashame of himself for he a fishermen who can not swim, after the accident, the fishermen gave enough thought into wanting to learn to swim and thus beginning lessons for amatures whom do not know how to swim.
  
  篇三:I like Christmas
  
  I like Christmas, it is just like our Spring Festival.
  
  Maybe the Spring Festival is much more important and interesting than Christmas, but I like Christmas Day better. Because we can spend time with our friends and classmates during Christmas. When it is snowy, Christmas becomes much more lovely, just like in fairytales. I can imagine I am in a fairytale, the girl who sold the matches is my friend, the ugly duck becoming more and more beautiful and so on. What a beautiful place! So we can also call Christmas “Snowy Lovely Day.”
  
  On Christmas Day, shops are red and green. There are so many Christmas cards, (www.fwsir.com)Christmas hats, Christmas dolls and many colourful things. So shops look very beautiful. We can give a card or a doll to our friends and say “Merry Christmas.” By the way, I think studying can also become much more interesting.
  
  Christmas is coming, it also means a new year will come. Let's study harder to welcome the new year!
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