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大学生就业难英语论文

时间:2020-12-30 09:14:13 英语论文 我要投稿

大学生就业难英语论文

  经常看到一些报道,说现在很多学生考上大学甚至是知名大学,依然觉得很迷茫。三分之一的人不喜欢自己的学校,讨厌自己的专业。另外,有三成同学试图改变专业未遂。也就是说相当多的学生,大学期间是不快乐的。那么小编今天就给大家带来大学生就业难英语论文,希望大家参阅。

大学生就业难英语论文

  大学生就业难英语论文:

  College students are a valuable resource for the nation. It is the hope of the nation and the future of the motherland. It is the backbone of building a well-off society in an all-round way and realizing national rejuvenation. With the increase of the number of college graduates, it has become the focus of the society, colleges, families and students to effectively solve the problem of the employment of college graduates.

  1. The current situation of college students' employment difficulties.

  According to statistics, in 2004 China's college graduates 2.8 million, 680000 increase over 2003, 2005, 3.4 million, the net gain of 580000 than in 2004, in 2007 the national ordinary university graduates will reach 4.95 million. More than 2006, 750000 people, 22%, a record high. While the number of new graduates has increased year by year, the number of unemployed graduates has risen steadily. It is reported that the number of unemployed graduates in 2004 was 690,000. In 2005, the number was 790,000. In 2006, it reached 930,000. These data strongly suggest that the college students are faced with the difficulty of employment of the gravity of the situation, task, and work in the long-term. Be fully prepared for ideological understanding and psychological. Society puts forward new requirements to personnel qualities.

  2. The root of difficult employment for college students.

  2.1 search for roots in society.

  2.1.1 imperfect social market system.

  In the modern era of college students' employment has changed the traditional planned economy "series, packages, tube" mode, instead of college students and unit of choose and employ persons "meet the supply and demand", "two-way choice", university students' employment into the market. However, the imperfect social employment market system, the inadequate laws and regulations, is one of the root causes of employment difficulties for college students.

  2.1.2 concept of employing unit.

  Now. The unit of choose and employ persons blindly increase the standard of choose and employ persons in terms of talent introduction. Conditions are increasingly demanding, diploma is no longer the only "passport" to the ideal career, in addition to advocating education, graduates with good professional knowledge and skills. Also ask its has a good ideological and moral qualities, strong working ability, practice ability and innovative spirit, and most graduates are often not able to completely accords with the demand of unit of choose and employ persons, "abandon" for a number of unit of choose and employ persons. In addition, there is the issue of gender discrimination in employment. Many employers' advertisements clearly specify "only male" or "men first".

  2.2 find the source from the university itself.

  2.2.1 talent training mode.

  In the new era of education need to constantly innovate. To meet the needs of the development. At present, problems of our country's higher education mode is a professional divided carefully, diameter is relatively narrow, not conducive to the development of the students: only pay attention to the theoretical knowledge to the students. Ignore to the student ability quality of ascension as well as the students' comprehensive quality education: speak only academic study, ignore the vocational skills: combined with the weak teachers and teaching quality after enrolment, all these caused the knowledge, ability and level is not adapt to each other. Lead to college students is hard to do jobs, employment difficult.

  2.2.2 the employment guidance is not effective.

  Some colleges and universities cannot provide the corresponding employment guidance service for college students, to make it difficult for college students to obtain employment. First, the employment guidance for graduates is not practical. Lack of understanding of the needs of the talent market, lack of effective employment guidance system, lack of professional experience and business capability. Secondly, there is no career planning and employment guidance for students throughout the whole teaching process. Some only offer career guidance courses when students are about to graduate, only for the graduates, not included in the school students, the guidance scope is small. Moreover, most employment guidance forms are simple and simple, and do not start from the actual college students.

  2.2.3 "production and marketing" imbalance.

  As the enrollment expansion of colleges and universities. Some universities offer "popular professional" blindly, lack what is what. Ignored the market share of "product". The graduate students to question, the result is excess talent supply and demand. "marketing".

  2.3 find the source of the students themselves.

  2.3.1 high expectations.

  College students' expectations of career choice are generally high and their sense of social responsibility is weak. There is an obvious mismatch between the willingness of choosing a career and the demand of society for talents. Expectations are too high, which can lead to the frustration of choosing a career and the loss of opportunity.

  Therefore, it is very important to guide university students to establish reasonable career expectations. Due to higher education at the university of investment on the home front. Students after graduation is also expected to get the corresponding returns. Therefore likely to cause "industry is" and "unemployed can" two contradictions co-exist. Other students set goals for themselves during career planning.

  Regulation itself in a few years as a manager, in a few years to become the boss and so on. Holding the college students is to make the idea of "white collar". Put down shelves, and the lack of the spirit of the feet on the ground from the grassroots once began. These exorbitant requirements lead to the "high and low" mentality of college students in choosing a career, which ultimately leads to a difficult employment situation.

  2.3.2 the self-quality needs to be improved.

  Some graduates overestimate their own qualities and abilities, and cannot meet the requirements of employers.

  2.3.3 lack of entrepreneurial awareness.

  The traditional employment outlook restricts the successful employment of college students, and the college students generally have the ideas of "waiting", "leaning" and "wanting", and lack of entrepreneurial spirit and independent entrepreneurial consciousness. In the face of today's huge market entrepreneurial platform. The graduates would rather be existing employment market cheap replacement with competitors, is not willing to achieve a breakthrough, the self is not willing to go along with the road of entrepreneurship.

  2.3.4 ideas need to be changed.

  Some students when choosing a subconscious dominated by traditional ideas, the only target in government departments, institutions, public ownership enterprise, foreign enterprise, think these units are "iron rice bowl", guaranteed a steady job. Some students also choose coastal developed areas such as Beijing, Shanghai and shenzhen, which also impose limitations on employment.

  3. Ways to solve the difficult employment of college students.

  3.1 perfect the job market for college students.

  The government should play a positive and main role in improving the employment market of college students, optimizing the employment environment of college students and improving the laws and regulations of the employment market. On the one hand, the government is trying to expand the demand for the job market. At present, we should give priority to developing industries and enterprises with large space for employment growth, and vigorously develop the tertiary industry. We will increase the development of the western region and provide more jobs. On the other hand, the government has introduced preferential policies to encourage college students to choose jobs in underdeveloped areas such as the west or the grassroots. At present, the problem of overconcentration of college students is particularly prominent, and the government needs to strengthen guidance on this phenomenon. In the country's latest employment policy for college students, it is said: encourage college graduates to work in the grassroots and hard work areas. Governments at all levels to create working conditions for the college graduates. Main enrich the urban communities and rural villages and towns grass-roots unit. Engaged in education, health, public security, agricultural extension, poverty alleviation and other social public welfare undertakings. In hard work for two years or more than two years, enter oneself for an examination the graduate student, should give priority to recommend, admission to enter oneself for an examination party and government organs and apply for the position of state-owned enterprises and institutions, under the same conditions, priority should be accepted. We will encourage all enterprises and institutions, especially small and medium-sized enterprises and private enterprises and institutions, to hire graduates from universities and colleges, and the relevant government departments shall provide them with convenient conditions and corresponding services. The provincial capital cities should earnestly implement relevant policies and remove restrictions on hukou. In addition, the government should strengthen the ability of macro-control, and make plans for education to adapt to the overall plan of social development. Finally, colleges and universities should further broaden the employment channels. We should boldly try new ways, intensify external publicity, collect information of employers extensively, and set up a certain information database of employers. Actively contact the employing units and establish friendly cooperative relations with them to form a virtuous circle of employment.

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  3.2 raise the entrepreneurial awareness of college students.

  College students should make great efforts to cultivate pioneering consciousness. In the face of the severe employment situation, the implementation of the development strategy of expanding employment, job creation and encourage entrepreneurship to create more employment opportunities. To improve the current difficult employment situation has the very vital significance. The entrepreneurship of college graduates can not only provide more jobs for the society, reduce the employment pressure, but also benefit the overall development of college students. As new peak into the working age population. College students entrepreneurship can not only improve graduates employment problem, at the same time can provide other underemployed workers in society with more jobs, to achieve the ideal of entrepreneurship to create more employment opportunities. However, starting a business requires the efforts of the society, universities and students to complete the employment. Society should give graduates to provide a good business environment and the effective laws and regulations safeguard system, in colleges and universities should focus on cultivating students' innovative consciousness, the student individual should have the spirit of striving, bold innovation.

  3.3 adjust the training mode of university talents.

  The talent training mode should adapt to the needs of college students' job market. Colleges and universities should predict the future demand of talents according to the whole economic environment, rationally adjust the professional structure, and determine the majors and scale of admission. In terms of classroom teaching, universities should change the traditional education ideas and modes of talent training, transferring from one-sided focus on professional knowledge education to at the same time pay attention to cultivate students' quality and comprehensive ability of track, including professional and technical ability, interpersonal ability, thinking ability and innovation ability, etc. Strengthen the cultivation of practical and hands-on ability, strengthen practice. To broaden the students' knowledge, improving students' innovation consciousness. In addition, colleges and universities can also through the establishment of system of scholarship, university-enterprise cooperation, directional cultivating way. Take appropriate the specific requirements of the unit of choose and employ persons of the talent training scheme, to cultivate "relevant" production and sales of college graduates in advance.

  3.4 improve the employment guidance system.

  Colleges and universities should establish a career guidance center. For students to enter the university after graduation in the future to the employment problem should focus on all the way, often in the form of lectures, discussions and other to do a good job of college students' employment guidance.

  3.4.1 establish the correct concept of employment.

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  On the one hand, college students can't always stare at "hot" jobs. With the change of society, the old industries are disappearing and new industries are constantly being produced. What used to be regarded as "humble" work, but more able to exercise people's skills. On the other hand, to set up a diversified employment outlook cannot wait until graduation to decide whether to take the postgraduate entrance exam, go abroad or work. Some students just don't think about going to the postgraduate entrance exam after work, or turning to work after failing in the exam. These are all aimless behaviors. Only early preparation can form a clear career goal in college, so that you won't be confused when you graduate. Finally, you can't miss the boat. Take the opportunity to remember that "opportunity knocks but once." Some graduates lose the best chance to choose a career in order to be able to move into a more desirable work unit and wait for their immediate employer. Graduates should be good at grasping the opportunity of employment. Timely sign employment agreement with employers.

  3.4.2 cultivate college students' employability.

  To help students to master more skills for employment. How to prepare the interview material, including resume, honorary certificate, qualification certificate, etc., how to use language allows businesses to get to know you. How to find a good job market in large, looking at enterprise development potential, and so on. These seemingly simple employability requires comprehensive guidance to students by the employment guidance center. Employment guidance also includes guidance on college students' psychological quality and psychological endurance. Strengthen the training of education and anti-frustration ability of the graduates, and pay attention to the students with mental unhealthy or family difficulties, and conduct timely guidance.

  译文:

  大学生是国家宝贵的人才资源.是民族的希望、祖国的未来,是全面建设小康社会、实现民族复兴的中坚力量。随着高校毕业生人数的增加.有效地解决高校毕业生就业难的问题,已成为社会、高校、家庭及学生共同关注的焦点。

  1大学生就业难的现状

  据统计,2004年中国高校毕业生达到280万人,比2003年增长68万:2005年突破340万,比2004年净增58万人:2007年全国普通高校毕业生将达到495万人.比2006年增加75万人,增幅达22%.创下历史新高。在应届毕业生数量年年大幅度增长的同时.往届毕业生待业的现象大量出现,而且这个数量还在逐年上升。据悉,2004年全国待就业毕业生达69万人.2005年达79万人.2006年达93万人.2007年将达124万人。这些数据充分表明了大学生面临的就业形势的严峻性、任务的艰巨性和工作的长期性.对此要有充分的思想认识和心理准备.社会对人才素质提出了新的要求。

  2大学生就业难的根源

  2.1从社会方面找根源

  2.1.1 社会市场体制不完善

  当今大学生就业改变了传统计划经济时代的“统、包、管”模式,取而代之的是大学生和用人单位的“供需见面”、“双向选择”的方式,大学生就业进入市场化。然而社会就业市场体制的不完善,相应法律、法规的不健全.是造成大学生就业难的根源之一。

  2.1.2用人单位观念问题

  目前.用人单位在人才引进方面盲目提高用人标准.条件要求也愈加苛刻,文凭已经不再是走向理想职业的唯一“通行证”,除了崇尚高学历,要求毕业生具有好的专业知识技能外.还要求其具有良好的思想道德素质、较强的工作能力、动手能力、创新精神,多数应届毕业生往往不能够完全符合用人单位的需求,为许多用人单位所“嫌弃”。另外,还存在就业性别歧视的问题.不少招聘单位的广告明确地写明“只限男性”或“男士优先”。

  2.2从高校自身找根源

  2.2.1 人才培养模式

  新时期的教育需要不断进行创新.才能符合发展的需要.目前.我国高等教育模式存在的问题是专业划分过细、口径较窄、不利于学生的发展:只注重对学生理论知识的灌输.忽视对学生能力素质的提升以及学生全面素质地教育:只讲学术研究,忽视职业技能:加之扩招后师资力量薄弱、教学质量下降,这些都造成了知识、能力、层次等相互之间不适应.导致大学生难以胜任工作岗位,就业艰难。

  2.2.2就业指导工作不得力

  有些高校不能为大学生提供相应的就业指导服务,至使大学生就业难。首先,对毕业生的就业指导缺乏实用性。不了解人才市场的需求,缺乏有效的就业指导体制,缺乏专业经验以及业务能力。其次,没有将人生职业规划和对学生的就业指导贯穿于整个教学全过程。有的只是在学生即将毕业时开设就业指导课,只针对毕业生,并未将在校生包括在内,指导范围小。再者,大多数就业指导形式单一、内容简单,并未从大学生的实际出发。

  2.2.3“产销”不平衡

  随着高校的扩招.一些高校盲目开设一些“热门专业”,缺什么就添什么.忽视了“产品”的市场占有.即毕业学生的去向问题,结果造成人才供求过剩.“产销”不平衡。

  2.3从学生本人找根源

  2.3.1 期望值过高

  大学生择业期望值普遍偏高、社会责任意识淡薄.择业意愿与社会对人才的需求存在着明显错位。期望值过高,既可能产生择业的挫折感,又可能导致机会的丧失。

  因而.指导大学生确立合理的职业期望是非常重要的。家庭方面因大学教育的较高投入.同样期望学生毕业后能够得到相应的回报.因此有可能造成大学生“有业不就”和“无业可就”两种矛盾并存。还有的学生职业生涯规划过程中给自己定了目标.

  规定自己在几年内成为经理,再有几年成为老板等等.抱着大学生就是要做“白领”的念头.不肯放下架子,缺乏脚踏实地从基层开始干起的精神。这些过高的要求导致大学生在择业时存在“高不成、低不就”的心理,最终造成就业难的局面。

  2.3.2 自身素质有待提高

  大学生的自身素质与社会需求的差距较大.部分毕业生过高估计自己的素质和能力,不能满足用人单位的要求。

  2.3.3缺乏创业意识

  传统的就业择业观制约了大学生成功就业,大学生普遍存在“等”、“靠”、“要”等思想,缺乏创业精神和自主创业意识。在面对当今市场巨大的创业平台.高校毕业生宁愿成为现有就业市场廉价的替代者与竞争者,也不愿意实现对自我的突破,不愿意走上创业之路。

  2.3.4思想观念需要改变

  一些学生择业时潜意识的受传统思想观念支配,只把目标锁定在政府部门、事业单位、公有制企业、外企上,认为这些单位是“铁饭碗”,工作稳定有保障。还有些学生选择北京、上海、深圳等沿海发达地区.这也给就业带来了局限性。

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  3解决大学生就业难的途径

  3.1完善大学生就业市场

  政府在完善大学生就业市场、优化大学生就业环境、改善就业市场法律法规不健全方面要起到积极和主要的作用。一方面政府努力扩大就业市场的需求量。当前,要优先发展就业增长空间大的产业和企业,大力发展第三产业.加大西部开发力度,提供更多的就业岗位。另一方面,政府出台优惠政策,积极鼓励大学生向西部或基层等经济欠发达地区选择就业。目前大学生就业,地区选择过于集中的问题尤其突出,政府需要对此现象加强引导。在国家出台的最新大学生就业政策中就谈到:鼓励高校毕业生到基层和艰苦地区工作。各级政府要为高校毕业生创造工作条件.主要充实城市社区和农村乡镇基层单位.从事教育、卫生、公安、农技、扶贫和其他社会公益事业。在艰苦地区工作两年或两年以上者,报考研究生的,应优先予以推荐、录取报考党政机关和应聘国有企事业单位的,在同等条件下,应优先录取。鼓励各类企事业单位特别是中小企业和民营企事业单位聘用高校毕业生,政府有关部门要为其提供便利条件和相应服务。对企业跨地区聘用的高校毕业生.省会以下城市要认真落实有关政策,取消落户限制。再者,政府应该加强宏观调控的能力.做好高等教育的规划以适应社会发展总体规划。最后,高校方面也要进一步拓宽就业渠道.主动出击开拓就业市场。大胆尝试新的方式,加大对外宣传力度,广泛收集用人单位信息,建立一定规模的用人单位信息资料库。积极联络用人单位,并与之建立友好的合作关系,形成就业工作的良性循环。

  3.2提高大学生创业意识

  高校大学生应努力培养创业意识.在面对严峻的就业形式下,实施扩大就业的发展战略,以创业带动就业.对改善目前就业难的局面有十分重要的意义。大学毕业生创业不仅可以为社会提供更多就业岗位、减轻就业压力.而且有利于大学生全面发展。随着新增劳动年龄人口进入高峰期.大学生创业不但可以改善毕业生自己的就业问题,同时可以为社会上其他的待就业人员提供更多就业岗位,达到创业带动就业的理想境界。然而创业带动就业需要来自社会、高校、学生个人几方面的努力才能完成。社会应该给毕业生提供良好的创业环境和有效的法律法规保障制度:高校应该注重培养学生创新意识:学生个人应该具有勇于拼搏、大胆创新的精神。

  3.3调整高校人才培养模式

  高校的人才培养模式应该主动适应大学生就业市场的需要。高校应根据整个经济环境来预测未来的人才需求状况,合理调整专业结构,确定招生的专业和规模。在课堂教学方面,高校要转变传统的教育观念和人才培养模式,把从片面注重专业知识教育转移到同时注重培养学生素质和综合能力的轨道上来,包括专业技术能力、人际交往能力、思维能力及创新能力等.加强实践和动手能力的培养,加大实习力度.拓宽学生的知识面,提高学生的.创新意识。此外,高校还可以通过建立奖学金制度、校企合作、定向培养等方式.采取相应的符合用人单位特定要求的人才培养方案,来预先培养“产销对路”的高校毕业生。

  3.4完善就业指导体系

  高校应成立专门的就业指导中心.对学生进入大学后将来的毕业去向即就业问题应全程关注,经常以讲座、讨论等多种形式做好大学生就业的指导工作。

  3.4.1树立正确的就业观念

  一方面,大学生不能总是盯着“热门”职业。随着社会的变迁,旧的行业在不断消失,新的行业也不断产生。过去被人视为“低贱”的工作,反而更能锻炼人的本领.发挥个人的潜力。另一方面,树立多元化就业观,不能等到毕业时才决定是考研、出国还是工作。有的学生只是在找不到工作后才想到去考研,或是考研失败后转而去找工作,这些都是漫无目标的行为。只有早做准备.在大学期间才能形成一个明确的择业目标,才能够在毕业时不会感到迷茫。最后,不能错失良机。把握机会,要牢记“机不可失,时不再来”。有些毕业生为了能够进入更理想的工作单位把眼前的工作单位放着一等再等,结果失去最佳的择业良机。毕业生应该善于把握就业时机.及时与用人单位签订就业协议书.

  3.4.2培养大学生就业能力

  帮助大学生掌握更多的就业技巧.如何准备好面试材料,包括简历、荣誉证书、资格证书等,如何通过语言让企业了解你.如何在偌大的就业市场中找好自己的定位,观察企业的发展潜力等等.这些看似简单的就业能力都需要由就业指导中心对学生进行全面指导。就业指导还包括对大学生心理素质、心理承受能力的指导。加强对毕业生的心理健康教育和抗挫折能力的培养,对毕业生中心理不健康或是家庭困难的学生要进行关注,及时进行开导。

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