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英语历年高考热点追踪

时间:2007-4-21栏目:英语论文

研究历年高考试题,我们会发现很多热门考点,有些考点甚至考题惊人的相 似。了解这些热门考点,对于 同学们复习迎考很有帮助。本文将这些热门考点 归类分析如下:

一、对名词性从句的考查热点

1.宾语从句的语序

①These photographs will show you ____.('89)

A.what does our village look like

B.what our village looks like

C.how does our village look like

D.how our village looks like

②Can you make sure ______ the gold ring?('90)

A.where Alice had put

B.where has Alice put

C.where Alice has put

D.where had Alice put

③No one can be sure ______ in a million years.('91)

A.what man will look like

B.what will man look like

C.man will look like what

D.what look will man like

④He asked _____ for the violin.('92)

A.did I pay how much

B.I paid how much

C.how much did I pay

D.how much I paid

分析:无论主句是什么句式,宾语从句只能用陈述句的语序。所以上述考题 的答案是:BCAD。

2.连接词what和that的用法区别

①_______ you have done might do harm to other people.('87)

A.That

B.What

C.Which

D.This

②_____ we can't get seems better than ____ we have. ('96)

A.What;what

B.What;that

C.That;that

D.That;what

③______ he said at the meeting astonished everybodypresent.('93)

A.What B.That

C.The fact

D.The matter

④______ you don't like him is none of my business.('92上海试题)

A.What

B.Who

C.That

D.Whether

分析:在名词性从句中,that是连接词,在从句中不充当任何成份,只起 连接作用;而连接代词what在从 句中充当主语或宾语。所以上述考题的答案是: BAAC。

二、对分词的考查热点

1.分词作状语

①The secretary worked late into the night, _____ a longspeech for the president.('91)

A.to prepare

B.preparing

C.prepared

D.was preparing

②The visiting Minister expressed his satisfaction withthe talks,______ that he had enjoy ed his stay here.('94)

A.having added

B.to add

C.adding

D.added

③European football is played in 80 countries, ____ itthe most popular sport in the worl d.('98)

A.making

B.makes

C.made

D.to make

④_____ more attention,the trees would have grown better.('90)

A.Given

B.To give

C.Giving

D.Having given

⑤_____ in thought,he almost ran into the car in front ofhim.('96)

A.Losing

B.Having lost

C.Lost

D.To lose

分析:分词作状词时,其逻辑主语一定要和主句主语一致。如果逻辑主语与 其非谓语动词是主动关系,就 用现在分词;如果是被动关系,就用过去分词。 所以上述考题的答案是:BCAAC。

2.分词短语作后置定语

①The first textbooks _____ for teaching English as aforeign language came out in the 1 6th century.('94)

A.having written

B.to be written

C.being written

D.written

②The Olympic Games,_____ in 776 B. C. , didn't includewomen players untill 1912.('97)

A.first playing

B.to be first played

C.first played

D.to be first playing

③The computer center,______ last year, is very popularamong the students in this school. ('93)

A.open

B.openin

  

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